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Updated: 4 years 13 weeks ago

Plagiarism

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 22:49
2012-11-28T21:49:51Z Shokraneh, Farhad Khan, Salman Fasih Nowadays, plagiarism in academic environment has turned into a problem that challenges the scientific honesty. Unfortunately the practice is found to be rampant and wittingly or unwittingly is a global phenomenon.

Citing/Referencing

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 22:46
2012-11-28T21:46:32Z Shokraneh, Farhad Zaidi, Ali Hyder As rightly pointed out earlier, research ethics advises authors to avoid plagiarism. Citing the used references in scientific works is the best way of preventing plagiarism. There are some guidelines on the internet that helps authors to observe ethical writing tips. We cite others' works in many different ways. Firstly, we should know that what is the difference between a reference and citation and why we cite.

Medical Librarianship and Information Science in Evidence-Based Medicine Arena

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 22:42
2012-11-28T21:42:21Z Valinejadi, Ali Pasyar, Parisa Shokraneh, Farhad The complexity and time limits involved in care delivery, seeking out the valid information at the right time is an increasingly different purpose for many health practitioners to reach. In recent years, Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) introduced as a solution to remove these challenges and as a new paradigm to standard health-care. EBM is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of the current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. Along with the individual clinical expertise, it is a required core skill for clinical problem solving. Again, the gap between medical information areas with clinical services domain, is the main challenge in EBM. Such gap, besides medical changing environment has provided new opportunity for health sciences librarian that EBM counted as one of these opportunities. A review of the literature shows the role of the librarian in this enterprise is not new, but rather a continually evolving process. Participation of librarian in EBM is rooted in past practices, most notably in clinical medical librarianship. EBM extends the librarians’ role beyond recognition of the literature to involvement in practicing and teaching quality filtering and critical appraisal of the literature. Indeed, health science librarian is a key of enhanced access to scientific evidence in medical literature. This role is executed through librarian professional abilities. In this review, we described initially EBM and its principles, and then we mentioned librarians’ abilities that are required for their growing involvement in EBM. Finally, we notified the necessity of health-care managers’ attention to the role of librarian in EBM arena.

The Clinical Librarian’s Answering Steps to Emergency Medicine Faculties’ and Residents’ Clinical Questions in 7th Tir Martyrs Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 22:39
2012-11-28T21:39:53Z Shokraneh, Farhad Introduction: One of the medical librarians’ roles linked to evidence-based medicine is clinical librarianship. Clinical librarian gives the related answers to the clinical questions asked by clinicians relying on evidence-based medical information. This study aimed to assess the clinical librarian's answering steps to emergency department doctors’ clinical questions as a result of first clinical librarianship pilot project of Iran. Methods: A clinical librarian, six academic members and eighteen residents of emergency medicine participated in this descriptive cross-sectional study during a 3 months period (1 February to 30 April 2010) in Emergency Department, 7th Tir Martyrs Hospital. Related data were collected using the clinical question forms. Results: One hundred twenty six clinical questions in five types (84 therapeutic/interventional, 25 diagnostic, 8 frequency/rate, 6 prognostic/prediction and 3 etiologic) were asked and all answered by clinical librarian. PICO elements were variable from one question to another one and just 5 questions were fully adoptable with PICO framework. PIO and PO patterns (respectively for 61 and 34 question) were used more than other patterns. Some of patterns were used by certain type(s) of questions. Mean times needed for each of 4 answering steps (ask, PICO, answer, and verify) were 1.1, 1, 9.22 and 3.11 minutes. Mean time needed for answering steps for each question was 14.42 minutes. Satisfaction of clinicians was very high for 53 (42%), quite for 45 (36%), high for 24 (19%), and moderate for 4 (3%) answers. Discussion: Clinical questions are more than 4 types and PICO elements vary in different questions of different types. There are many PICO patterns for each type of questions. Mean time of Answering steps in this study is close to the other similar researches and according to the location of this project the time is appropriate. High satisfaction of clinicians in clinical librarianship project may be affected by many factors. As this project was the first experience of Iran, it has some weak and power points that can be a guide to the future large-scale project.

Resultados del 9° Congreso Regional de Información en Ciencias de la Salud (CRICS)

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 13:42
2012-11-28T12:42:58Z Hazrum, Flavio Results of the 9th Congress Regional Information Health Sciences (CRICS)

Information systems in Malayalam

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 12:15
2012-11-28T11:15:46Z Raman-Nair, R. Knowledge generated in a region is normally recorded in the local scripts and these records form a major source for study of the region. These records may contain valuable information like indigenous medicine, agriculture, etc which will be highly relevant for the sustainable development. ICT can be harnessed to collect and conserve these records and retrieve information from them. ICT can also empower and emancipate the backward people if their vital information needs can be met by it through their own language and script. But in India information infrastructures have disregarded information part; especially content in local language. One of the causes for this is lack of availability of relevant language technology. But now Unicode and related developments enable reviving original scripts for use in ICT based systems. The paper discusses essential information systems to be developed in local scripts like those on indigenous knowledge. Opines that development of local language technology with provision for use of OCR, spell check etc for original script is to be considered a priority area in ICT development.

Assessment of farmer’s perception on soil quality deteriorating and crop yield reduction in Sudan Savannah of Sub-Saharan Africa by 2020

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 12:12
2012-11-28T11:12:49Z Usman, Suleiman Noma, Samaila-S. Abdullahi, Makai Adamu, Aminu Assessment of farmer’s perception on soil quality deteriorating and crop yield reduction has been carried out in the Sudan Savannah(SS)of Kebbi State Nigeria with specific objective to provide a report on soil quality deterioration and crop yield reduction using IPCC climate change impact report on Africa by 2020. The assessment was made using face-to-face-verbal-interview. The interview was divided into four rounds according to four questions. Absolutely, it is reported that some farmers have considered climate change impact as one of the major agricultural problems that will take part in deteriorating soil quality and yield reduction by 30%, and some by 50%, while few of these farmers have the opinion of 70% by 2020. Generally, the fact that the climate change impact will cause yield reduction for up to 50% in Africa by 2020 remained an open debate issue for most farmers in the SS.

Open access journal publishing in Ahmadu Bello

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 12:11
2012-11-28T11:11:45Z Gbaje, Ezra-Shiloba Open Access has been identified as an initiative that can improve access and provide global visibility for research work conducted by researchers and scholars. This study examined scholarly publication, particularly open access journals in Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria. Survey research method was adopted for this study and purposive sampling technique was adopted to collect data using questionnaire from twenty-one chief-editors of scholarly journals published in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. The study revealed, among others that only 2(9.5%) out of the 21(100%) of scholarly journals published in Ahmadu Bello University are open access journals. Lack of awareness of the potentials of open access journals, and concern over copyright issues are some of the challenges identified by the study hindering the adoption and transition of closed journals to open access journals by publishers of scholarly journals in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. This study also highlights some of the strategies that can be adopted to promote open access journals amongst publishers of scholarly journals in Ahmadu Bello University and Nigeria at large.

Creación de perfiles de investigación en Google Scholar a partir de los metadatos recolectadosde los repositorios digitales

Wed, 11/28/2012 - 12:09
2012-11-28T11:09:32Z Merlino-Santesteban, Cristian It comments the experience with research profiles in Google Scholar for researchers Documentation Centre of the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, National University of Mar del Plata, on the implementation of digital repository Nüllan with E-prints software.

Lietuvos nacionalinės Martyno Mažvydo bibliotekos retų knygų ir rankraščių skyriaus paleotipų rinkinys

Tue, 11/27/2012 - 13:41
2012-11-27T12:41:39Z Vaitkevičiūtė, Viktorija The Rare book and Manuscript Department of the National Library of Lithuania (NLL) has in its holdings more than 800 post-incunabula. This article analyses specific features of part of the post-incunabula collection: their place of publication, publishers, thematics and provenances. Principal attention is accorded to the book that are rarer, more interesting and more important for Lithuania's culture and book culture in general. An in-depth study of all the post-incunabula kept in the NLL would significantly add to the existing research and broaden the understanding of old book culture.

Quality assessment of papers published in Iranian medical journals [Letter to the Editor]

Tue, 11/27/2012 - 09:09
2012-11-27T08:09:35Z Shokraneh, Farhad Amanollahi, Alireza Quality assessment of papers published in Iranian medical journals

Rankings bei Artikel-Publikationen? Mehr Transparenz! #altmetrics zeigt sinnvolle Ansätze – mit offenen Fragen

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 22:49
2012-11-26T21:49:42Z Koltzenburg, Claudia When measuring the impact of research articles, which context and whose criteria are being used? Under the heading of #altmetrics several initiatives are putting interesting ideas into practise with the aim to minimize the influence of the so-called Journal Impact Factor (JIF) in favour of Article Level Metrics (ALM). First, however, general issues of more transparency are addressed, and there are several unsolved issues as regards rankings of all kinds, also in #altmetrics. This contribution aims to point out some problematic correlations and contexts in an introductory and critical fashion.

Los clubs de lectura en la era digital: pasado, presente y futuro

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 15:10
2012-11-26T14:10:41Z At the present, it can't be denied the influence of Internet in the library field. The number of services offered by libraries in the web is bigger and bigger, and reading activities are showing its presence more and more. We have tried to analize the presence of book clubs of Spanish Public Libraries in the web: its focus was to know the present situation and to investigate if nowadays a virtual service can substitute a presential one in the library field. Although, this is opposed to the own nature of this activity, where a book is just a tool to meet new people. Going forward this idea, we have tried to localize and analize the web pages of Spanish Public Libraries and we have meet diferent realities: we have gone from very active and participative digital resources to those with just testimonial information.

Lectores y además amigos: los avatares cotidianos de un club de lectura para adultos

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 15:08
2012-11-26T14:08:20Z De-la-Cruz-González-Cutre, Inés Saurin-Parra, Julia At Monte Alto Council Library, A Coruña, an adult book club has been going on for 4 years. The objectives of this club are told in this article, as well as its promotion in its enviroment, its developement, those problems founded and their solutions... all those steps taken to transform the library into a dynamic place and a meeting place.

La vigilancia y la inteligencia competitiva, una oportunidad para las unidades de información de las cámaras de comercio

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 15:05
2012-11-26T14:05:22Z Martínez-González, José-A. The promulgation of Decree-Law 13/2010 and its subsequent ratification by Law 2/2011 of March 4th, of Sustainable Economy, have led to the Chambers of Commerce a forced change of business model which, in turn, can be a great opportunity to start new lines of action. Information units can play an important role as a strategic asset, as they were in their time in research centers with surveillance technology. In this case it would create a competitive vigilance system aimed at providing valuable information that is economically useful to SMEs. This, together with actions to support the development of competitive intelligence as a strategic tool in their process of innovation, would be an excellent opportunity provided by the current situation.

Koha: l’eina de treball del nou CRA de l’Escola Universitària del Maresme el per què i el com de la transformació d’una biblioteca universitària

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 15:02
2012-11-26T14:02:23Z Enric-Camón, Luis We present the integrated automated management of information units Koha open source, and explain the reasons for its adoption, the structure and operation in the context of the transformation process of the School Library Maresme University Center for Learning Resources (CRA). The transformation of the Library in a CRA responds to the learning needs analysis and available resources (few, a center of small dimensions) and will optimize the latter.

El uso de Twitter en los congresos profesionales de información y documentación: estudio de caso

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 15:00
2012-11-26T14:00:06Z Traver, Paula Cobarsí-Morales, Josep Microblogging’s rise in last years poses questions about his use and potential in several contexts. This work, specifically, plans to analyze an example of Twitter’s use as communication tool in professional meeting in information sector. So, a case study about X Workshop Rebiun is done. Empyrical work combines participative observation, data logs, interviews and content analysis. We found evidence about Twitter’s plurality uses and Twitter’s capacity to enhance a virtual community emerged from this event.

Patrones de especialización de la investigación cubana en salud

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 14:56
2012-11-26T13:56:13Z Arencibia-Jorge, Ricardo Vega-Almeida, Rosa-Lidia Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Zaida Corera-Álvarez, Elena Moya-Anegón, Félix Introduction: scientometric studies use relative indicators for the thematic characterization of scientific production, in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a country in a knowledge domain. Objective: the use of specialization patterns for the thematic characterization of the Cuban scientific production in health indexed by Scopus during the 1996-2010 period. Methods: descriptive study. The total number of documents covered by Scopus as well as the productivity and the annual growth rate were compiled. The thematic specialization index of the scientific production was estimated. Results: the thematic specialization index of the Cuban scientific production in health achieved higher levels than those of the Latin American region and the world. The highest indexes went to thematic domains where Cuba shows important health indicators. The published research papers in national journals covered by Scopus have a decisive influence on the specialization index of the main studied thematic categories. Conclusions: health sciences in general, and particularly the public health, have a leading role in the Cuban scientific production.

Produção científica sobre gestão do conhecimento e gestão da informação no ambito da ciência da informação: uma aplicação da Lei de Bradford

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 14:54
2012-11-26T13:54:31Z Lousada, Mariana Salazar-Garcia, Cristiane-Luiza Woida, Luana-Maia Evedove, Paula-Dal' Garcia, Regis Pomim-Valentim, Marta-Lígia Aimed to analyze the scientific literature on information management and knowledge management in the most relevant journals in the Information Science field, noting in this way then relevance and impact to this field. It is a qualitative research and analyzed the scientific literature about this subject published in journals (online access) in the Information Science area and classified as Qualis of Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), specifically those who were assessed as level 'A' and 'B', covering a total of 26 journal titles. We applied the Bradford's Law for the scientific production analysis, especially in relation to the articles distribution in terms of proximity or distance variables. We observed that the terms 'information management' and 'knowledge management' are contemporary and have been gained relevance over time. We also founded that the general rule: “few produces a lot and many produces a little” is true if considered the characteristics of the studied data distribution.

Las relaciones del internacionalismo científico con los orígenes del movimiento documental europeo contemporáneo (1890-1945)

Mon, 11/26/2012 - 14:50
2012-11-26T13:50:17Z Olagüe-de-Ros, Guillermo Scientific Internationalism played a determinant role in the beginning of the European contemporary documental movement. In this paper there are studied the theoretical, social and technical elements of the same one that contributed to the emergence of a nascent documentary science. After First World War, scientific internationalism lost his raison d'être, but some of his components continued having a very relevant weight in the evolution of scientific documentation.

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