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Thinking globally – Acting locally

Fri, 11/02/2012 - 20:23
2012-11-02T19:23:09Z Bauer, Bruno Editorial of issue 1/2003 of medizin – bibliothek – information that focuses on the 8th European Conference of Health Information and Libraries in Cologne.

A tale of two libraries: space, place and reading in Porto’s public libraries

Fri, 11/02/2012 - 13:45
2012-11-02T12:45:03Z Sequeiros, Paula Grünig, Silvia Until 2001, people in Porto, Portugal could only visit or borrow books from one library − São Lázaro − located where the historical centre and the eastern end of the city meet. Then, a new building, the Almeida Garrett Library, was designed and placed in an almost equidistant position between the historical centre and the western zone. Both buildings and their reading atmospheres are quite different. Readers and professionals tend to compare them. And so the question arises: how do two different architectural spaces shape reading practices, even though they are inserted in the same city and serving potentially similar readers? The question sought to explore the interaction between people and space, in other words, how a space provided for reading may be appropriated, how it shapes reading practices, and, what social relations are performed in such reading spaces. Buildings tend to reflect both public reading and local cultural policies, even though the use of the space may alter and circumvent the programmed institutional aims. This analysis of space usage takes into account such policies and actual reading practices, along with their meanings and emotions. Social issues such as class, gender, ethnicity, age and power relationships provided a context for this analysis. As the public services and public buildings were analyzed, a research approach was designed to place reading in the context of urban public space, urban conviviality and the importance of democratic places for encounter and discovery.

Access and use of the Internet in the libraries of Lahore, Pakistan

Thu, 11/01/2012 - 18:21
2012-11-01T17:21:10Z Butt, Komal Mahmood, Khalid Shafique, Farzana This study is to find out the level of the Internet access in libraries, its uses by library staff and the problems regarding access and use of Internet in libraries of Lahore, Pakistan. The research is based on primary data. A structured questionnaire survey was conducted by (n=75) 48 academic libraries (university and college), 21 special libraries, five public libraries and one school library in the city of Lahore. Findings of the study may be useful for policy makers to understand the status of the Internet access and its need as well as for library schools to revise the curriculum to improve the Internet skills of future librarians.

Availability of needed information to educational administrators in Pakistan: A survey

Thu, 11/01/2012 - 18:20
2012-11-01T17:20:11Z Shafique, Farzana Mahmood, Khalid This study aimed at exploring the status of needed information and its availability to educational administrators in Pakistan. To achieve these objectives, literature reviews and a questionnaire survey were conducted. For this survey, the educational administrators (i.e., principals of schools and colleges and Registrars/Deans/Chairpersons in universities) were identified as the target population and were selected through cluster sampling. The respondents were from the Punjab Province and Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT). In total, 297 (99%) responses were received and analyzed quantitatively. Recommendations and conclusions were drawn in the light of the findings of this study. The study is the first one of its type that attempted to probe the status of needed information and its availability to educational administrators and planners in Pakistan. The findings of the study can be useful to design information services and facilities for educational administrators not only in Pakistan but also in other countries of the world with similar conditions.

Necesidades de información documental para creación de programa de instrucción bibliográfica en ciencias del ejercicio, caso FOD, UANL

Thu, 11/01/2012 - 05:05
2012-11-01T04:05:07Z Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín Torres-Reyes, José Antonio The purpose of this paper was to conduct a diagnosis to know the needs of information recorded in documents about exercise sciences of the faculty members and graduate students of the School of Sports Organization (FOD) of the Nuevo Leon Autonomous University (UANL), hence a program of library instruction program could be built upon them to meet them. A literature review was conducted. In addition a quantitative-qualitative survey was conducted with 50 faculty members and graduate students of FOD, UANL, with a response rate of 22% (11 surveys). This work showed evidence that there exists a high percent of respondents that are incompetent to use at expert and advanced levels the systems of information recorded in documents (both pay-per-access and Open Access). Thus, this diagnosis is a good justification to implement a permanent library instruction program that meets the needs of the exercise sciences through the FOD, UANL “Ing. Cayetano Garza Garza” Library. This is a pilot study and it is suggested to encompass undergraduate students as well in the future.

La clasificación Dewey y las lenguas indígenas de México: una propuesta de expansión

Wed, 10/31/2012 - 20:03
2012-10-31T19:03:28Z Tecuatl Quechol, Elizabeth Arriola Navarrete, Oscar Tecuatl Quechol, Graciela The outlines of the Dewey Decimal Classification System cannot, for obvious reasons, reflect all of human knowledge regarding the native languages of Mexico. The structure proposed by this system is too general for this issue, reason why a detailed study of the characteristics of such languages is made in this paper, and an expansion of the outline is proposed in order to express them in a correct and proper manner.

Collaborative Batch Creation for Open Access E-Books: A Case Study

Wed, 10/31/2012 - 19:18
2012-10-31T18:18:03Z Young, Philip Culbertson, Rebecca McGrath, Kelley When the National Academies Press announced that more than 4,000 electronic books would be made freely available for download, many academic libraries expressed interest in obtaining MARC records for them. Using cataloging listservs, volunteers were recruited for a project to identify and upgrade bibliographic records for aggregation into a batch that could be easily loaded into catalogs. Project organization, documentation, quality control measures, and problems are described, as well as processes for adding new titles. The project’s implications for future efforts are assessed, as are the numerous challenges for network-level cataloging.

Autorenregister: AGMB aktuell 1997-2000, medizin - bibliothek - information 2001

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 22:28
2012-10-30T21:28:14Z Bauer, Bruno Index of authors of the publications of the German Medical Libraries Association (1997-2001): http://www.agmb.de/mbi/indexneu.html, http://www.agmb.de/mbi/mbiauswahl.html.

… Elektronische Zeitschriften – Eldorado oder Babylon? …

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 22:26
2012-10-30T21:26:26Z Bauer, Bruno Editorial of issue 3/2002 of medizin – bibliothek – information that focuses on electronic journals.

Unterwegs zur Digitalen Medizinbibliothek Österreich

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 22:23
2012-10-30T21:23:40Z Bauer, Bruno Austria does not have a national digital library. Another desideratum presents the establishment of an Austrian Digital Medical Library, which would integrate the electronic resources and services of all medical libraries in the country. In order to implement an Austrian Digital Medical Library, proven modules are already available, such as the web-compatible library-networkcatalogue Aleph 500, the reference databases in the ERL data network, the Science Citation Index Expanded, a constantly increasing number of electronic journals in the EZB as well as the document delivery service subito.

… being digital …

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 22:21
2012-10-30T21:21:12Z Bauer, Bruno Editorial of issue 2/2012 of medizin – bibliothek – information that focuses on digital medical libraries.

… den Wandlungsprozess aktiv gestalten …

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 22:17
2012-10-30T21:17:24Z Bauer, Bruno Editorial of issue 1/2012 of medizin – bibliothek – information that focuses on the annual conference 2001 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Hamburg.

Un futuro cargado de tecnología: aproximaciones a los cambios imaginables en el campo de la bibliotecología en una década

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 21:03
2012-10-30T20:03:31Z Laudano, Claudia Nora Planas, Javier Corda, María Cecilia This paper explores imaginary meanings in the field of library science concerning information and communication technologies. In the study, were used in depth interviews with a group of graduated librarians of the National University of La Plata (UNLP, Argentina ), who now hold administrative positions in university and research libraries. Respondents were asked about an hypothetic future scene ten years later and consulted about the following aspects: possible changes in work load, working routines, probable changes in the composition of the documentary fund, main characteristics of users, predominant services and products of information, required specific knowledge. The analysis retrieves key views representative of the diversity of opinions. In general terms, it is concluded that the interviewed librarians have a similar view about the gradual increase of the use of technology, but their opinions diverge concerning the transformations that may occur in libraries because of this phenomenon.

Repositoris digitals : disseny i implementació per a biblioteques, arxius i museus

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 17:45
2012-10-30T16:45:21Z Llueca, Ciro Reoyo-Tudó, Sandra The course "Digital repositories" (Version 3.0, October 2012) tries to analyze and to disclose aspects of the design and implementation of digital repositories, especially the matters related to dissemination and preservation of the digital collections. Slide presentations were done, and digital repositories created by Spanish libraries, archives and museums were evaluated.

Tiskové písmo Čech a Moravy první poloviny 16. století

Tue, 10/30/2012 - 17:03
2012-10-30T16:03:08Z Voit, Petr The present treatise deals with the history of the 1st half of 16th Century typeface in Bohemia and Moravia. It contains quantitative data arranged into tables accompanied with relevant photographic reproduction in 1 : 1 ratio. The analysis convincingly shows that the difference of typeface stores was much smaller than abroad. The bastard type kept up till 1522, that is obviously at longest from all european countries. On the contrary, the black letter entered into our country very late, after Germany, Austria and Poland in the course of forties of 16th Century. The most slowly got in the Roman type, slowed down by Utraquist traditionalism, which this facetype perceived as a reminder of Rome papacy. The majority of typefaces in our country has been expanded in the form of matrices from Nuremberg.

Access to Information in Times of “Informatics of Domination”: Ethics, Entangled in a Network of Hierarchies and Power Relations

Mon, 10/29/2012 - 22:23
2012-10-29T21:23:27Z Swieckowska, Teresa Open access to information and knowledge is an issue widely recognized among scholars of information ethics. Many authors define the problem of access in terms of a digital divide. This term helps us acknowledge that there is a problem of unequal distribution of informational resources, but it does not tell us much about the wider social and economic context of the phenomenon. The sphere of knowledge production is not an objective, neutral space. Knowledge itself produces power relations, not only through its application in technological development, the economy, and politics, but also because knowledge constitutes social norms, orders, and rationalities. In a network society dominated by informatics, ethics should start from a notion of entanglement, in which we as scholars and experts are participants in a system of unequal distribution. Paradoxically, ethics might also mean a struggle against perfect communication since perfect communication as one code that translates all meaning perfectly also means a code of domination.

El modelo FRBR y las ontologías: El modelo FRBRoo

Mon, 10/29/2012 - 19:49
2012-10-29T18:49:04Z de la Puente, Marcelo The FRBRoo Model is FRBR´s objeted-oriented version and it was developed as a fusion between FRBR and CIDOC/CRM Model. It has the main goal to offer a common perspective of documentation from libraries and museums in order to allow the information interchange between systems from libraries and museums. The model is a formal ontology, so it describes the world as an information system and from a dynamic perspective

De los registros a los objetos: Semántica y comportamiento de los documentos: el desafío de la Web 3.0

Mon, 10/29/2012 - 19:44
2012-10-29T18:44:20Z Bosch, Mela Manzanos, Norberto This paper provides an overview and the fundamental questions on the stage of Web 3.0. We analyze the characteristics of current bibliographic systems based on entity- relationship model.We defined the diferent levels on computer systems, (conceptual, logical and physical) and therefore we present the characteristics of FRBR relationships between work and document in the FRBR conceptual model. FRBRoo are described as an interpretation with object logic of the same functional requirements. Finally, future trends arise, such as moving from the entity relationship modeling to objects, the explicitness with consistent semantic annotation, mapping of existing bibliographic databases, the development of ontologies for integrate document systems into the Semantic Web.

Reflexiones y propuestas en torno a la formación y la práctica de la investigación en Bibliotecología y Ciencia de la Información

Mon, 10/29/2012 - 19:32
2012-10-29T18:32:10Z Miguel, Sandra Hidalgo, Mónica Stubbs, Edgardo Planas, Javier This paper proposes some reflections on practical training and research in Library and Information Science(LIS).

Educational games and simulations at school: the high-school students’ experiences and attitudes: A qualitative study

Mon, 10/29/2012 - 13:26
2012-10-29T12:26:21Z Buchtová, Michaela Educational computer games are increasingly being used in the formal schooling system; however, it is still largely unknown which game elements (if any) have most influential effect on learning. Here, we present results that suggest that role-playing, discussions, real-world grounding and storytelling can be important game elements for increasing students’ engagement during interfacing with a game. In addition, we present results indicating that emotional graphs are a useful tool for identifying strong and/or weak aspects of a game and assessing student’s mood development during playing the game. All these results were gained during focus group discussions we conducted as a part of a complex experiment taking place at three high-schools in the Czech Republic on 372 subjects during 2011. The focus groups, results of which are presented in this paper, involved 74 students (M=37, F=37). The whole experiment is actually an exploratory study to a broader consecutive research on engagement as a variable influencing learning process and outcomes and it is theoretically grounded in Moreno & Mayer’s Cognitive-affective theory of learning with media. The exploratory study had a comparative design, it combined various quantitative and qualitative measures and it utilized three educational games: Orbis Pictus Bestialis (on the topic of animal training); Bird Breeder (genetics heredity); and Europe 2045 (political, economic, and social issues of the EU).

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